Individuals in Texas and elsewhere who experience mental decline may be generally diagnosed with dementia. In many cases, individuals have Alzheimer's disease, but this is not always true. In fact, research has discovered that thousands of people diagnosed with the condition don't actually have it. Instead, they could have a condition called limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy (LATE). It is caused by deposits of TDP-43 in the brain as opposed to the buildup of plaques.
Those who have LATE may have misfolded TDP-43 that was caused by a genetic mutation in their DNA. It is estimated that roughly 25% of people over the age of 85 have memory issues because of too much misfolded TDP-43. While it is not the same thing as Alzheimer's, LATE can cause many of the same symptoms. However, it is worth understanding the differences between the two when searching for a cure.
It is believed that what could work to treat symptoms of LATE would not necessarily work to cure symptoms of Alzheimer's. Researchers also think that the fact that there are two different causes of dementia may be a reason why past attempts to develop Alzheimer's drugs have failed. With this new understanding of what may actually be happening in a person's brain, it may be possible to create drugs targeted at each specific problem.
If an individual experiences mental or physical impairments because of another party's negligence, it may be possible to pursue a personal injury case. Any party that may have played a role in causing or misdiagnosing a health problem could be liable for medical bills and other costs. An attorney may be able to gather evidence of negligence, such as statements from a doctor, insurance company or hospital that may be used as leverage in settlement talks.